ATCM II –WP3 Draft of Agreed Measures including first mention of prohibition on importation of non-native species
Recommendation III-8 Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora which includes prohibition on bringing into Treaty area and non-indigenous animals or plants except under permit.
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. Annex II Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora Article 4 re-iterates the prohibition on non-native species
ATCM XXII - IP 53 IUCN paper on non-native species which covered pathogens, pets, household plants as well as accidental introductions around stations.
ATCM XXIII - WP 32 Report on outcomes from the Workshop on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife.
Reports from an ICG provided a review and risk assessment (ATCM XXIV- WP 10) and practical measures to reduce the risks of introducing wildlife diseases (ATCM XXIV - WP 11).
Lewis et al. (20) investigated ships used in support of Antarctic science and tourism and demonstrate that non-native marine species could be transported to the Antarctic on the hulls of such vessels.
ATCM XXVIII - WP 28 Suggested six measures to address the unintentional introduction and spread of non-native biota and disease to the Antarctic Treaty area
ATCM XXVIII - IP 97 Provided information on decontamination procedures for tourists.
Frenot et al. (1) publish a review on: "Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications".
Whinam, Chilcott and Bergstrom publish “Subantarctic hitchhikers: Expeditioners as vectors for the introduction of alien organisms”. Biological Conservation 121, 207-219 (2005) doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2004.04.020 reporting on the potential for scientists on national Antarctic programmes to act as vectors for the introduction of Non-native Species to Antarctica.
ATCM XXIX - WP 5 Rev. 1 Provided Practical Guidelines for Ballast Water Exchange to limit marine introductions, and leads to Resolution 3 (2006).
ATCM XXIX - IP 44 Details on how to manage quarantine.
ATCM XXX - IP 49 Aimed to quantify the transfers and validate the pathways for introductions
ATCM XXIX - WP 13 and ATCM XXIX - IP 46 Reports of the workshop in New Zealand on non-native species that provided several recommendations.
ATCM XXX - IP37 Reporting on hull fouling as a source of marine invasions in the Antarctic, noting that recent studies have shown hull fouling to be an important vector for non-native species introductions.
ATCM XXXI - WP 16 CEP endorsed proposal to use the existing Australian Antarctic Alien Species Database for recording non-native species
ATCM XXXI - IP 17 Proposed measures to keep the Larsemann Hills free of introductions
ATCM XXXI - IP 98 COMNAP report on existing procedures to control the introduction of non-native species through logistics
ATCM XXXII-IP4 SCAR included non-native species introductions in its environmental code of conduct for terrestrial scientific field research in Antarctica ATCM XXXII - IP 12 and ATCM XXXII - WP 33. Proposed provisions for inclusion in management plans for protected and managed areas
ATCM XXXII - SP 11 Secretariat topic summary of previous discussions
ATCM XXXII - WP 5 . Work Program for CEP Action on Non-native Species was agreed
ATCM XXXIII - WP 4 and ATCM XXXIII - WP 6 . An evidence-based approach to reducing the risks of introductions
ATCM XXXIII - WP 15 Suggestions on how to deal with the discovery of new non-native introductions
ATCM XXXIII - WP 14 The risks of intra-regional transfer of species in terrestrial Antarctica
ATCM XXXIII - IP 42 Provided details of known non-native colonists
ATCM XXXIII - IP 44. Suggested framework to determine the colonisation status of newly discovered species
The CEP adopted the Non-native Species Manual (Manual) providing guidance on preventive measures to limit accidental introductions and listing a wide range of resources already published for further information.
ATCM XXXIV – WP12 COMNAP checklist for supply chain managers to ensure cargo is clean before shipping
ATCM XXXIV – WP 53 Suggestions on how to reduce risks of introductions from contaminated food ATCM XXXIV – WP25. Proposals on how to minimise risks from hydroponic facilities
ATCM XXXIV – IP50. Summary of the status of all know non-native species
ATCM XXXV – WP5 . Summary of the outcomes of the IPY Aliens in Antarctica Project provided by SCAR including risk assessment.
Terauds and Lee (23) publish an analysis of the best available biodiversity data, which for the first time allows for the delineation of 15 biologically distinct ice free regions in Antarctica
ATCM XXXVI- WP19 Biosecurity measures for preventing the introduction of non-native soil organisms
ATCM XXXVI – WP35 Highlighted the negative impacts of non-native microbial introductions on scientific and environmental values
ATCM XXXVII - IP23 Provided up to date details of known non-native colonist
ATCM XXXVIII – IP 46 Update on distribution of known non-native species
ATCM XXXVIII - IP 29 Report of the successful eradication of Poa pratensis from Cierva Point, Danco Coast, Antarctic Peninsula.
The CEP adopted the revised Non-native Species Manual (Manual) providing guidance on preventive measures to limit accidental introductions and listing a wide range of resources already published for further information. Resolution 4 (2016) – ATCM XXXIX – CEP XIX, Santiago. Revision of the Non-native Species Manual. https://www.ats.aq/devAS/ats_meetings_meeting_measure.aspx?lang=e
ATCM XXXIX – WP13 Report of the intersessional contact group on revision of the CEP Non-native Species Manual.
ATCM XXXIX – WP52. Report of the non-native fly, Trichocera maculipennis, in several sewage treatment plants on King George Island, South Shetland Islands
ATCM XXXIX – IP27. Report of the risks of introduction of biofouling organisms to Antarctica on vessel hulls.
ATCM XL - WP 46. Report of an internationally agreed action plan to manage the non-native flies on King George Island, South Shetland Islands
ATCM XL - IP 47. Report of the eradication of the non-native grass Poa annua L. from ASPA No 128 Western Shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands
ATCM XL - IP 128 rev. 1. Report on the Argentine Antarctic Program Operations Manual on prevention of the introduction of non-native species to the Antarctic continent.